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Django中如何用xlwt生成表格的方法步骤

121 次  2021-04-17  分类 : python web

同样是做表格,但是有些人的表格就做的很好看。融合了之前所学不同模块的知识,来讲讲Django中生成表格的特殊方法。
这里只是mark一下导出的方法,并没有做什么REST处理和异常处理。

维护统一的style样式,可以使导出的数据更加美观。

def export_excel(request): 
  # 设置HttpResponse的类型
  response = HttpResponse(content_type='application/vnd.ms-excel') 
  response['Content-Disposition'] = 'attachment;filename=user.xls' 
  # new一个文件
  wb = xlwt.Workbook(encoding = 'utf-8') 
  # new一个sheet
  sheet = wb.add_sheet(u'人员表单')
  # 维护一些样式, style_heading, style_body, style_red, style_green
   style_heading = xlwt.easyxf("""
    font:
      name Arial,
      colour_index white,
      bold on,
      height 0xA0;
    align:
      wrap off,
      vert center,
      horiz center;
    pattern:
      pattern solid,
      fore-colour 0x19;
    borders:
      left THIN,
      right THIN,
      top THIN,
      bottom THIN;
    """
  )
  style_body = xlwt.easyxf("""
    font:
      name Arial,
      bold off,
      height 0XA0;
    align:
      wrap on,
      vert center,
      horiz left;
    borders:
      left THIN,
      right THIN,
      top THIN,
      bottom THIN;
    """
  )
  style_green = xlwt.easyxf(" pattern: pattern solid,fore-colour 0x11;")
  style_red = xlwt.easyxf(" pattern: pattern solid,fore-colour 0x0A;")
  fmts = [
    'M/D/YY',
    'D-MMM-YY',
    'D-MMM',
    'MMM-YY',
    'h:mm AM/PM',
    'h:mm:ss AM/PM',
    'h:mm',
    'h:mm:ss',
    'M/D/YY h:mm',
    'mm:ss',
    '[h]:mm:ss',
    'mm:ss.0',
  ]
  style_body.num_format_str = fmts[0]

  # 写标题栏
  sheet.write(0,0, '姓名', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,1, '英文名', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,2, '职位', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,3, '公司电话', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,4, '手机', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,5, 'QQ', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,6, 'MSN', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,7, 'Email', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,8, '办公地点', style_heading) 
  sheet.write(0,9, '部门', style_heading)
  sheet.write(0,10, '人员状态', style_heading)

  # 写数据
  row = 1 
  for usa in employesInfo.objects.all():
    sheet.write(row,0, usa.name, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,1, usa.eName, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,2, usa.postion, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,3, usa.cPhone, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,4, usa.pPhone, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,5, usa.qq, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,6, usa.msn, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,7, usa.email, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,8, usa.offAreas, style_body)
    sheet.write(row,9, usa.depart, style_body)
    if int(usa.status) == 1:
      sheet.write(row,10, '在职',style_green)
    else:
      sheet.write(row,10,'离职', style_red)
    row=row + 1 

  # 写出到IO
  output = StringIO.StringIO()
  wb.save(output)
  # 重新定位到开始
  output.seek(0)
  response.write(output.getvalue()) 
  return response 

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